A new meta-analysis has found a diet which includes magnesium may help reduce the risk of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM), stroke and heart disease.
Data from 40 studies done between 1999 and 2016 was analyzed. This included data on over 1 million people covering nine different countries. Self-reported food frequency questionnaires and 24 hour dietary recalls were used to determine the levels of magnesium in the diet of the participants. Since the magnesium levels used to define different categories were different in each study, researchers also looked into the effect an increase of 100 mg per day of dietary magnesium had on health.
The results suggested participants taking the highest magnesium doses compared to those taking the lowest saw a 10% reduction in the risk of heart disease, a 26% reduction in the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes and a 12% reduction in the risk of strokes. Additionally they found an increase in magnesium intake by 100 mg daily could reduce Type 2 Diabetes risk by 19% and stroke risk by 7%.
Magnesium is involved in over 300 enzymatic processes in the body. Magnesium plays an essential role in DNA synthesis, protein production and glucose metabolism. Last July the European Food Safety Authority established an adequate intake of Magnesium at 350 mg per day for men and 300 mg/day for women. It is not uncommon for individuals to have a magnesium deficiency.
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