According to a new meta-analysis of “gold standard” clinical studies, Omega-3 essential fatty acid supplements could improve symptoms and cognitive performance in adolescents and children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Data taken from seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and involving over 500 youth was analyzed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. The data used was taken from established scientific literature databases to insure only appropriate studies were included in this meta-analysis.
Researchers found that supplementation with Omega-3 essential fatty acids significantly improved hyperactivity and inattention symptoms. Improvements in hyperactivity were only seen when doses of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) were over 500 mg/day. Additionally data from case-control studies were also taken to determine if Omega-3 levels were associated with ADHD. Results showed that adolescents and children with ADHD had lower levels of EPA, DHA and total Omega-3. Improvements in certain measures of cognitive performance were also associated with Omega-3 supplementation.
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